Philosophy 1301

This course is a general introduction to the study of ideas and their logical structure. The key questions this course investigates are: What is real? (Metaphysics), What can we know? (Epistemology), What is the self and what is its relationship to the psyche, consciousness, and the mind? (Philosophy of Mind), How do we discern right from wrong? (Ethics), and, lastly, how can we develop the just society? (Political Philosophy).

Each week will also include a lesson in either propositional or informal logic.


Introduction

  • Week 1: Philosophy, for the Love of Wisdom
  • Week 2: How Philosophy got Started in Iron Age Greece
    • The Pre–Socratics | Socrates

Unit I. Metaphysics & Epistemology

Plato and Aristotle
300s BCE

  • Week 3: Why Doesn’t Everyone Seek Wisdom?
    • Plato ("Allegory of the Cave") | Aristotle
  • Week 4: Doubt as a Path to Knowledge
    • Descartes | Locke | Berkeley
  • Week 5: The Limits & Construction of Knowledge
    • Hume | Kant

Unit II. Philosophy of Mind

  • Week 6: Reason, Appetite, & Desire
    • Plato ("Allegory of the Chariot") | St. Augustine (Dualism)
  • Week 7: On Perception & the Self
    • Descartes | Locke | Hume | Kant
  • Week 8: Psychology, Science, & the Self
    • Freud | Ryle (Behaviorism) | Physicalism

Unit III. Ethics (Moral Philosophy)

  • Week 9: Are there Moral Truths?
    • Relativism | Subjectivism | Absolutism | Egoism
  • Week 10: On Popularity & Finding Balance
    • Plato (“Crito") | Aristotle (Virtue Ethics)
  • Week 11: Grounding Our Ethics: God, Duty, or Happiness?
    • DCT | St. Aquinas (Natural Law) | Kant | Mill
  • Week 12: Individuality & the Ethics of Care
    • The Existentialists | Noddings

Unit IV: Political Philosophy

  • Week 13: Why We Don’t Need a King
    • Plato (“Republic") | St. Augustine | Hobbes | Locke
  • Week 14: On Freedom
    • Mill | Feminism
  • Week 15: On the General Welfare
    • Rousseau | Marx | Rawls