Philosophy Index

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Ancient & Medieval Philosophy

  • Classical Idealism | Plato, Augustine
  • Teleology | Aristotle
  • The Soul & the Self | Plato, Augustine
  • Virtue Ethics | Aristotle
  • Cultural Relativism (Ancient Greek)
  • Divine Command Theory (Hebrew Scriptures)
  • Natural Law | Aquinas (Medieval)

Early Modern Philosophy  (ca. 1500s - 1800s)

  • Rationalism | Descartes, Leibniz
  • Empiricism | Bacon, Locke, Berkeley, Mill
  • Skepticism (Doubt) | Descartes, Hume, Spinoza
  • Transcendental Idealism | Kant, Hegel
  • Cartesian Dualism | Descartes
  • Monism | Spinoza
  • Tabula Rasa (Blank Slate) | Locke
  • Skepticism of Self | Hume
  • The Self is Constructed | Kant
  • Deonotology | Kant
  • Social Contract Theory | Hobbes

Late Modern Philosophy (ca. 1800s - present)

  • Hegelian Idealism  | Schleiermacher, Hegel, Schopenhauer
  • French Structuralism  | Saussure, Lévi–Strauss
  • Logical Positivism | Comte, Ayer, Carnap
  • Scientific Realism (Physicalism) | Churchland
  • Social Positivism | Marx, Mill, Durkheim, Freud
  • Genealogical Critique | Nietzsche, Foucault
  • Pragmatism | Dewey, Rawls, Quine, Rorty, West
  • Constructivism | Dewey, Wittgenstein, the Frankfurt School, Bourdieu, Latour, Habermas
  • Poststructuralism | Baudrillard, Butler, Derrida, Lyotard
  • Model–Dependent Realism in Science | Hawking
  • Psychological views of the Self | Freud, Ryle
  • Neuroscientific views of the Self
  • Functionalism | Fodor
  • Eliminative Materialism | Churchland
  • Phenomenological views of the Self | Husserl, Merleau–Ponty, Heidegger, Lévinas
  • Feminism | Beauvoir, Haraway, Butler, Kristeva
  • Utilitarianism | Mill
  • Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and the Roots of Existentialism
  • 20th century Existentialist Ethics | Sartre, Camus
  • Egoism | Rand
  • Feminist Ethics | Bouvoir
  • Care Ethics | Noddings
  • Political Realism | Machiavelli, Hume, Dewey
  • The State of Nature | Rousseau, Hobbes
  • Social Contract Theory | Hobbes, Locke
  • Critique of Power Structures | Foucault, Gramsci
  • Conservatism | Burke
  • Classical Liberalism (Libertarianism) | Mill, Paine, Nozick, Hayek
  • Social Liberalism | Berlin, Dewey, Rawls
  • Communism | Marx, Lenin
  • Market Economy | Smith
  • Socialism | Marx
  • Competing Views of Liberty: Negative Liberty & Positive Liberty
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Philosophy of Science